||Earliest reliable record of crossbow use at
battle of Ma-Ling in China.
||Earliest crossbow artifact, a bronze lock
mechanism from the tomb of Yu Wang.
||Heron of Alexandria describes gastraphetes.
||Roman carvings of crossbows.
||Vegetius mentions crossbows in DE RE MILITARIA.
||Crossbows introduced to England by Normans.
||Anna Comnena describes Norman crossbows.
||Composite crossbow lath appears.
||2nd Lateran Council interdict forbids use of
crossbow among Christians.
||Crusader victory at Jaffa aided by crossbows.
||Earliest reliable record of steel lath.
||Genoese crossbowmen defeated at Crecy by English
||Earliest illustration of cranequin.
||First of many English laws restricting
possession and use of crossbows.
||Firearms replace crossbows in most Weatern
||Photographic evidence from Chinese shows
repeating crossbows still used there as military weapons.
||"Arrowspeed" crossbow used by
Austrailian commandos in Pacific Theatre.
||Crossbows employed by Montagnard peoples and US
special forces during Vietnam conflict.
||Crossbows used to shoot anesthetic darts for
capturing and treating wildlife; also used to obtain tissue
samples from marine animals for obtaining genetic information.
||Latin language term for crossbow, derived from arcuballista
(also spelled ARBALEST).
||German language term for crossbow which is often preferred in
||Synonym for bolt which is preferred by some modern crossbow
||Side of bow or lath facing target.
||Roman seige engine similar to oversized crossbow.
||Section of the stock between the latch and lath; sometimes
used as synonym for track.
||Crossbow having a tubular barrel rather than a track; used to
shoot balls, usually of lead; synonym for slurbow.
||String to brace a crossbow for installation of bowstring;
synonym for bracing string.
||Side of bow or lath facing shooter.
||Metal hook(s) attached to belt to aid cocking.
||Hindged lever to aid cocking; pushes string back using lugs
or a ring mounted at front of crossbow; provides mechanical
advantage of about 5:1, varying with lever length.
||Short projectile for crossbow resembling arrow.
||Metal fittings used to secure lath to stock; usually
tightened with metal wedges.
||String used on all archery weapons to transfer force from bow
||Position of bowstring when mounted on bow or lath, but not
||Distance between braced bowstring and belly side of riser,
measured from the bowstring's center.
||See BASTARD STRING.
||Binding, usually of twisted sinew cord, used to tie lath to
stock on medieval crossbows.
||Crossbow designed to shoot bullets; generally used in
reference to double-string types.
||Rearmost portion of crossbow stock; also refers to earthen
mound used in long range target shooting, and as a general term
||See LATCH and SAFETY.
||Bow or crossbow lath designed so that the arrow/bolt passes
through its center; center-shot crossbows often have two separate
||See POWER STROKE.
||Spring used to retain bolt to cocked crossbow prior to
shooting; usually made of horn or metal.
||Long range archery shooting. Modern practice uses a
horizontal target 15 meters in diameter outlined with flags;
scoring is determined by measuring distance from center.
||To draw bowstring from braced position to latched position.
||Metal protruberances on crossbow for anchoring bending lever,
cranequin or goat's foot.
||Peg required to set some crossbow trigger mechanisms prior to
||Metal ring bound to the front of the lath to anchor bending
||Method of serving sometimes used on loops of crossbow
||Combination of materials used to construct lath including
horn, wood, sinew and baleen.
||Modern lath construction using cables and eccentric pulleys.
|CORD AND PULLEY
||Cocking aid consisting of cord with ends attached to crossbow
butt and user's belt running through a pulley attached to
bowstring; provides mechanical advantage of 2:1.
||Cocking device using rack and pinion; can provide mechanical
advantage of about 145:1, varying with size and number of teeth.
||Archery weapon consisting of a lath mounted to a rigid stock,
having a mechanical means to hold and release the drawn bowstring.
See also ARBALEST, ARMBRUST, BARRELED CROSSBOW, BULLET CROSSBOW.
||See GOAT'S FOOT
||Complex form of bowstring designed to launch round
projectiles from crossbow; has leather pouch at center to hold
||To release cocked bowstring without projectile; term borrowed